HELMET TROOP OF THE 1st REGIMENT OF DRAGONS, model of November 20, 1858, Second Empire. 26377
A brass bomb according to the regulations, in one piece stamped with a pendulum and finished with a hammer. Four suction cup holes are drilled in the bomb. Rear of the bomb numbered “162”, dated “70” (1870) and assigned to the 1st Regiment “1”.
A turban made from two pieces of half-fed cow, assembled front and back with a large crossed stitch seam. The turban is assembled with the bomb by means of four softened flat head rivets, with counter-rivet washers, which pass through both.
A brass visor, surrounded by a copper band straddling the outer edge. This circle (height on each side 8 millimeters) is joined to the visor by a red copper rivet at each end. It is lined below with a green sheepskin glued and caught in the crimp of the border circle. Width of the visor in the middle 5.5 cm.
A brass neck cover with a copper rim like the visor, lined with glued black sheepskin.
A headband is of sea cow, dyed in tawny color and speckled in black, to imitate tiger skin (this general dyeing in tawny yellow before speckling is essential, not only to the more complete imitation of fur); it is cut so as to fit exactly from the top under the molding of the bomb and to descend onto the visor and the neck cover of which it leaves only about a quarter visible. At each end, this strip is garnished on the inside with a small copper blade pierced with four holes with metal eyelets. On each side, two washers, one lower, the other outer, pierced in the center and joined by a metal eyelet, are adjusted to the place where the rod of the chinstraps passes.Two chinstraps, each made up of fourteen flat cover rings, assembled in a curb chain, decreasing in size. These rings are mounted using a fine brass wire, the points of which are embedded underneath in the leather, on a core of strong black patent leather, finished with a black patent calfskin strap and a bar buckle carrying barb. The two upper rings of the chain, which present only part of their circumference, are integral with a copper rosette 53 millimeters in diameter, bordered by a plain rush and embossed in relief with 16 laurel leaves arranged in rays around a hole drilled in the center.
Each chin strap attaches to the helmet with a copper screw with a half-spherical head.
A crest placed on the bomb, from front to back; it is made of yellow copper and composed of two fins, a mask and a cover.
The fins have a concave base, which forms a scalloped edge pierced with two holes for copper screws, with a round tallow drop head, which are secured inside the bomb by nuts. They are decorated with palmettes and a garland at their upper edge. The rim is decorated with water leaves, all stamped in relief. The mask serves as an anterior junction for the two fins. It is stamped with a head of Medusa in strong relief, topped with a small oak crown and at the bottom, above the base of the mask, is a pomegranate in bas-relief. A copper screw, at the bottom of the lamp base. The copper covering is stamped with a bas-relief mat. The crest ornament consists of a lower socket, a lens decorated with palmettes in relief and an upper socket, also decorated with palmettes. A black horsehair puff.
A mane of horsehair dyed black, length 65 cm.
A brass plume holder decorated with branches of foliage.
Average condition, rear crest ornament, moth-eaten headband, bomb with crack in three places, missing interior headdress.