CHINESE CANON, late 18th century.
Cast iron. Round shaped barrel reinforced with strong rings, complete with its two trunnions.
Length 1.26 m.
Mouth diameter 68 mm.
Mouth caliber 27 mm.
About 20 kg.
End of the 18th century.
The Royal Armurie collection has a fairly close example:
Gun - 1.1-inch, Chinese iron swivel, reference XIX.114.
The piece was intended for a pivot mounting. It is cast in one piece, the chase having 5 hoops projecting at intervals. An inscription in Chinese characters engraved by the trunnions refers to the weight of the gun and probably gives the names of the officials who supervised its manufacture; it is, however, too worn for accurate translation. A slightly flared iron tube projects rearwards from the breech end of the weapon, into which the stock or butt can be inserted. The wooden butt or tiller is preserved; it is slender and slightly curved, ending in a finial carved with a whorl design.
Dimensions : Barrel Bore 28 mm; Barrel Length 711 mm; Barrel Length 991 mm
Calibre : 28 mm
Inscriptions and Marks : Markings Chinese characters: Probably gives the names of the officials who supervised its manufacture; it is, however, too worn for accurate translation.
Provenance : Taken in Benin in 1897 together with Nos. XIX.112 and 113, probably by the expeditionary force commanded by Lt. Col. Bruce Hamilton.
I thank Mr. Jean-Luc CERJAK who agreed to share his knowledge, to help me correctly identify this canon.
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